Lectura: “¿Qué es la efectividad gerencial?”

Lectura: “¿Qué es la efectividad gerencial?”

A continuación tenemos un artículo que lo ayudará a practicar sus habilidades de Reading en Inglés. Éste es el tipo de lecturas que empleamos en nuestros cursos de Inglés en Empresas:

There are no absolute measures of managerial effectiveness. Organisations have aims and objectives, and managers are effective when they help their organisation to achieve these aims and objectives. Thus, it is important that every manager (and employee) knows the purpose of their organisation, the purpose of their job and the work-specific objectives they must meet.

There are various ways of explaining the purpose of a job, and we consider two approaches here.

The most common term is key performance indicators, or KPIs. Setting KPIs is often an organisation-wide process. One version of this process is Management by Objectives. Variations of this are found in all types of organisations, although the process is often no longer referred to as Management by Objectives.

Management by Objectives aims to identify key areas in a person’s work and to set targets against which his or her performance (or effectiveness) may be measured.

Management by Objectives is a simple idea which often proves to be very difficult to apply. Peter Drucker, a well-known writer on management, suggests that effectivemanagers follow the same eight practices. They:

  • ask ‘what needs to be done’
  • ask ‘what is right for the enterprise’
  • develop action plans
  • take responsibility for decisions
  • take responsibility for communicating
  • focus on opportunities
  • run productive meetings
  • think and say ‘we’ rather than ‘I’.

(Source: Drucker, 2004)

 

The first two practices give managers the knowledge they need. The next four help them convert this knowledge into effective action. The last two ensure that the whole team or organisation feels responsible and accountable. Most of the practices are applicable at all levels of management.

 

VOCABULARIO ÚTIL:

  1. effectiveness = (sustantivo) Eficacia
  2. measures = (sustantivo) Medidas
  3. aims = (sustantivo) Objetivos
  4. achieve = (verbo) Lograr
  5. Thus = (adverbio) Entonces
  6. purpose = (sustantivo) Objetivo
  7. meet = (verbo) Cumplir con (un objetivo, una expectativa)
  8. approaches = (sustantivo) Abordajes
  9. key = (adjetivo) Clave
  10. targets = (sustantivo) Objetivos
  11. enterprise = (sustantivo) Empresa

 

logotransparente-sintagPara contratar clases de inglés en su corporación por y para profesionales solicite cotización por email a 📧info@EnglishCorporateTraining.com.ar o por teléfono al  (011) 15 3205 1365. Será un gusto asistirlo.

¿Cómo se utilizan las preposiciones de tiempo?

¿Cómo se utilizan las preposiciones de tiempo?

Utilizamos las siguientes preposiciones para referirnos a instancias temporales:

In is used for periods of time such as months, seasons and years: in the summer, in the autumn, in September, in June, in 1987.

 

On is used for days and dates: on Tuesday, on 14 June, on my birthday.

Note that you say ‘on the 14th of June’ though you write ‘on 14 June’:

[Spoken] The brochure will be ready on the 14th of June.

[Written] The brochure will be ready on 14 June.

 

At is used for specific points of time: at one o’clock, at 5 p.m., at lunchtime.

Exceptions are: at Christmas, at Easter, at weekends. No preposition is used with: today, tomorrow, yesterday and words preceded by last, this and next: last month, this year, next week.

 

ACTIVITY:

Complete the following sentences with a preposition if necessary. Note that in some cases no preposition is required.

Example

We talked …… last month about the meeting. ANSWER: We talked last month about the meeting. (No preposition needed.)

  1. We agreed to think it over …… the summer.
  2. We can take the final decision …… September.
  3. We can make the final preparations …… the autumn.
  4. We can move …… Christmas.
  5. The last time they wanted to relocate was …… 1987.
  6. The best time would be …… June.
  7. A meeting …… Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday would be OK.
  8. There are always people away …… Mondays and Fridays.
  9. They like to go away …… weekends.

 

ANSWERS:

  1. We agreed to think it over in the summer.
  2. We can take the final decision in September.
  3. We can make the final preparations in the autumn.
  4. We can move at Christmas.
  5. The last time they wanted to relocate was in 1987.
  6. The best time would be in June. (Or without a preposition – The best time would be June.)
  7. A meeting on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday would be OK.
  8. There are always people away on Mondays and Fridays.
  9. They like to go away at weekends.

 

logotransparente-sintagPara contratar clases de inglés en su corporación por y para profesionales solicite cotización por email a 📧info@EnglishCorporateTraining.com.ar o por teléfono al  (011) 15 3205 1365. Será un gusto asistirlo.

Formas de Realizar Sugerencias en Inglés

Formas de Realizar Sugerencias en Inglés

Why don’t …?

Why don’t we go through it now?

Why don’t you call Reloc to check?

 

Let’s …

Let’s give it a more interesting title.

 

Shall …?

Shall we say three hours?

 

What/How about + -ing?

What about offering a buffet?

How about calling it ‘Ideas for Our Future’?

 

What/How about + noun?

What about a buffet?

What about ‘Ideas for Our Future’?

 

Modal verbs for making suggestions:

‘Should’ (= advisable)

We should finalise the agenda and get it circulated today.

 

‘Had better’ (= advisable)

We’d better provide transport for them. You’d better start now.

 

‘Could’ (= possible)

We could book for longer.

 

logotransparente-sintagPara contratar clases de inglés en su corporación por y para profesionales solicite cotización por email a 📧info@EnglishCorporateTraining.com.ar o por teléfono al  (011) 15 3205 1365. Será un gusto asistirlo.

Lectura: ¿De qué depende su Efectividad como Jefe?

Lectura: ¿De qué depende su Efectividad como Jefe?

A continuación encontraremos otra lectura útil para la práctica de reading en Inglés (nivel Intermedio – Alto):

At least four sets of factors influence your effectiveness as a manager, and not all of them are under your direct control.

You. In the first place, there is you. You bring a unique blend of knowledge, skills, attitudes, values and experience to your job, and these will influence your effectiveness. If you have been a manager for some time, you will remember some of the mistakes you made as a new manager, and can see how your greater skills now help you to be more effective.

Your job. Then there is the job that you do. It is likely to have many features in common with other managerial jobs, but just as you are unique, so is your job in its detailed features and some of its demands on you. There may be a good or bad match between your skills and the demands of the job, and this affects your potential effectiveness.

The people you work with. The people you work with exert a major influence on how effective you can be as a manager. Descriptions of a manager include ‘a person who gets work done through other people’, ‘someone with so much work to do that he must get other people to do it’, and ‘the person who decides what needs doing, and gets someone else to do it’. Perhaps surprisingly they get close to the truth with their emphasis on the importance of people for the achievement of a manager’s work. One measure of managerial effectiveness is the extent to which a manager can motivate people and coordinate their efforts to achieve optimum performance. However, in most settings managers do not control people in the way that they can control the other resources that they need to get their work done. Rather, managers are dependent on people. Managers’ effectiveness is limited by the qualities, abilities and willingness of these people.If we had been writing 50 years ago, we would have mentioned that there are organisations where commands are frequently given, for example, the military services, the fire service and the police service. In the twenty-first century there will still be situations where a manager in such organisations gives an order and expects immediate compliance. However, many of the processes in organisations such as these now involve softer methods of managing staff.

Your organisation. Finally, the organisation you work in determines how effective you can be. How the organisation is structured and your position in it affect your authority and your responsibilities, and impose constraints on what you are able to achieve. Similarly, the culture of the organisation, with its unwritten norms and ways of working, also influences your ability to be effective as a manager.

Effectiveness, then, does not come from just learning a few management techniques. Some techniques are important and necessary, but managerial effectiveness is more complex. It is influenced by a range of factors – you, the job you do, the people you work with, and the organisation you work in.

 

logotransparente-sintagPara contratar clases de inglés en su corporación por y para profesionales solicite cotización por email a 📧info@EnglishCorporateTraining.com.ar o por teléfono al  (011) 15 3205 1365. Será un gusto asistirlo.

¿Qué tipo de Inglés es necesario para poder estudiar a nivel de posgrado en el exterior?

¿Qué tipo de Inglés es necesario para poder estudiar a nivel de posgrado en el exterior?

You may well be confident in using English in everyday situations, but the kind of English you need for study is rather different. It is what is known as ‘Academic English’, or ‘English for Academic Purposes’ (EAP), and is the English you need to undertake the following activities:

  • read and understand university course books and materials;
  • identify (and make notes on) the main points from written and spoken materials – books, cassettes, video, DVD, CD-ROM, etc.;
  • express concepts and ideas in your own words;
  • organise your writing so that the meaning of your argument or description is clear;
  • use correct grammar, punctuation and spelling;
  • write in an appropriate style;
  • be able to check your written work for accuracy and meaning;
  • choose the appropriate structure for the task and use academic conventions, e.g. referencing;
  • understand the requirements of questions set for assignments and examinations.

Although you will develop these skills further as you study, you do need them to some extent before you start. The process of working through various tasks will help you to decide whether you feel ready to start studying at higher education level.

Advice on reading and understanding academic texts

  • When reading new materials, first read through a complete section without stopping to get a general idea of the overall meaning.
  • Try to guess unfamiliar words from the context.Then, read the section again and check key words in an English-English dictionary.
  • Write the definitions in English, not in your first language.
  • Write a sentence or two in English, in your own words, summarising the main ideas in the text.

Advice on identifying the main points from written materials

  • Practise by reading articles in ‘serious’ newspapers or magazines or listening to/watching serious programmes on the radio or TV, and making notes in English in your own words about the main points.
  • Write a summary of the article or programme.
  • Show it to a friend to see if he or she can get an idea of what the article was about from your summary.

 

logotransparente-sintag

Para contratar clases de inglés en su corporación por y para profesionales solicite cotización por email a 📧info@EnglishCorporateTraining.com.ar o por teléfono al  (011) 15 3205 1365. Será un gusto asistirlo.